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By definition, menopause is the event when your period stops for good. This happens when your ovaries will stop producing oestrogen and progesterone known as the female sex hormones. In spite of such, there is no need to worry since this is a natural part of ageing.

There are those who still ask, “What is menopause”? During menopause, there will be changes that will occur to your body that are dependent on oestrogen. This can really be unconformable — for most women. If you want to lessen these symptoms, you can talk to your doctor or better yet search for alternative treatments for menopause.

What is perimenopause?
Menopause perimenopause is when you are starting to get a number of unwanted symptoms the moment your period starts to lessen. When your menstruation becomes irregular, you will start to have symptoms of oestrogen deficiency that leads to hot flashes, vaginal dryness and sweats. The perimenopause lasts about 4 years on the average, until a woman’s very last period.

When will menopause occur?
Menopause usually occurs after 12 consecutive months of no menstruation. This condition happens between the ages of 45 and 55 with an average of 51. However, for those who have experienced this before the age of 40 are believed to be coping with ‘early menopause’.

There are certain factors that are associated with early menopause, these include:
•    Having a family history of early menopause;
•    Being a smoker;
•    Having hysterectomy;
•    Never had a baby; and
•    Early failure of the ovaries (caused by certain autoimmune disorders, genetic abnormalities or metabolic disorders).

This condition can also be an artificial menopause if your ovaries were surgically removed. This can also happen if you have experienced some types of chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer. With such, this can damage your ovaries. Moreover, your menopause will occur suddenly rather that gradually. If you are not prepared, this can totally be stressful on your part.

What are the signs of menopause?
During the first few months, you will notice that your period will become irregular – shorter or longer with heavier or lighter bleeding. However, before you predict that you are experiencing menopause, it is important that you see your doctor to rule out any abnormal medical conditions.

•    Hot flashes
Considered one of the most common reasons why women seek treatment. You will be able to feel heat that often rises from your chest to your face or neck. This sensation can last from a few seconds to several minutes and often induced by sweat. These often occur at night and can disrupt sleep since your body temperature will change.

•    Urinal problems and vaginal dryness
Once your oestrogen levels drop, the walls in your vagina will become drier and thinner that eventually lead to itching, irritation or pain during intercourse. Furthermore, your bladder will be weak and the opening becomes thinner. This will result to leaking of urine when you cough, laugh or sneeze. You will also encounter painful urination or having the urge to go to the bathroom more often.

•    Mood changes
For a number of women, menopause can be like sitting on an emotional pendulum — one minute your down and the next your happy. There are also times when you think you are in good spirits and then suddenly your mood changes in a snap. Nevertheless, remember that there are natural medication for mood swings during menopause.

There are instances when these symptoms will not last long, but you should be aware that you still need to take good care of your body. That is why you need to educate yourself of the numerous treatments for making this easier for you. Even though you cannot stop menopause, at least you can prepare to face the challenges.